Traveling By Airplane With Your Pet  

When traveling with your pet by Airplane there are a few things you should be aware of and of course you should always check with your airline to make sure they don’t have any special requirements.

  •      Major Airlines require an original certificate of veterinary inspection with a signature dated within 10 days of departure.

 

  •      An acclamation statement signed by Dr. Wheeler within 10 days if the temperature will be below 45 degrees or above 85 degrees.

 

  •      The USDA requires your pet be at least 8 weeks old and fully weaned for at least 5 days before traveling.

 

  •      If your pet is riding as cargo the carrier should be hard plastic with proper ventilation.  Your pet should be able to lie down, stand up and turn around comfortably. Carriers must have a solid leak proof floor with a towel, litter or another absorbent material incase there is an accident.  Wire Carriers are not allowed. Mark you carrier with your pet’s name, your name, phone number and address, as well as a secondary contact name and number.

 

  •      If your pet is riding in the Cabin the Carrier can be soft.  It also has to fit the requirements for carry on luggage and must be able to fit securely under the seat.

 

  •      Bring a leash with you in case you have to take your pet out of the carrier for inspections.  Your pet will never be put through the x-ray machine, but they may want it to go with you through the metal detector.

 

  •      Make sure your pet has a collar and tags on with all your information, it might be a good idea to put a secondary tag with the information of where you will be staying. A microchip would also be a good idea!

 

  •      If you are traveling out of the country or to Hawaii you will need to check to make sure there are no special tests or treatments that need to be done to avoid a long quarantine.  Also, traveling to some places require you planning well ahead as if can take up to 6 months to a year to full fill waiting periods for testing.

Merry Christmas!

Tis’ the season for Parties, Friends and Food!  Her are some Christmas Season items to keep in mind. Be sure to anchorr your Christmas tree so it won’t tip or fall, especially if you have a feline friend who enjoys climbing the tree.  If you use a real tree make sure you pet doesn’t drink from the stand as stagnant water can contain bacteria and tree fertilizer causing your pet to get an upset stomach.

Kitties love to play with Tinsel, it is a sparkly light catching “toy” that is easy to bat around but if ingested it can cause a lot of problems.  Ingestion can lead to vomiting and possible surgery if they end up with an obstructed digestive tract.

Keep the Holly and the Mistletoe away!  When ingested each one of these plants can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.  Mistletoe can also cause cardiovascular problems in addition to the ones previously listed.  If your pet loves to chew on leaves it might be best to use artificial plants.

Keep lights and wires up!  When a pet chews on a wires they can get shocked, burns in there mouth, and sadly loss of life is a big possibility.  Going a long with that is Candles also can cause them to get burnt or actually start a fire.

Dr. Wheeler and Staff would like to wish you a Happy Christmas Season!

Happy Thanksgiving To You and Your Pets!

During the season of holiday feasts please keep in mind the following.

  • If you let your pet have a little turkey, please make sure it is boneless and well cooked.  Don’t offer raw or under cooked turkey it may contain salmonella.
  • Sage may make your dressing/stuffing taste good, but it and many other herbs contain essential oils than can cause GI upset and central nervous system depression to pets if eaten in large quantities.  Cats are more sensitive than dogs.
  • No raw bread dough.  When raw bread dough is ingested the animal’s body heat causes the dough to rise in its stomach.  As it expands, the pet may have vomiting, sever abdominal pain and bloating, which could become a life-threatening emergency, requiring surgery.
  • A few small pieces of turkey, a taste of mashed potatoes shouldn’t cause a problem.  Don’t let your pet eat to much though they could end up with an upset tummy!

We will be closed November 26th for the Thanksgiving Holiday, we will re-open Friday November 27th at 8 o’clock!  We hope you and your pet’s have a safe and wonderful holiday!

Dental Disease

Our dogs and cats teeth can be compared to a hard boiled egg.  They are both protected by a hard shell but once damaged or cracked they both deteriorate or rot.  The enamel, while the hardest material in the body, only covers the upper part of the tooth not the roots.  Once the gums are damaged and they begin recede the lower portion of the tooth is exposed and therefore the tooth begins to decay, losing its attachment to the jaw.  There is a point of no return as far as being able to save the tooth.  Also, with dental disease we open the body to bacterial infection entering the blood stream through the mouth.

In a perfect world we would like all of our owners to brush their teeth on a daily basis.  Also, the teeth brushing that groomers offer doesn’t really seem to work well, think how long the hygienist puts into you teeth.  They scrape and probe to get the tatar off.  Also, you are probably on your best behavior, with no wiggling or biting the dentist.

At your pets’ yearly exam we try to examine the mouth to determine the degree of dental disease.  Be sure to bring our attention to your concerns about odor of the mouth, pain or changes in eating habits, unusual drooling, swelling or pawing at the face.

HEARTWWORM, FLEA, AND TICK PREVENTION

Here is a list of the different medications we carry in the clinic.

Please let us know if you have any questions!

Dr Wheeler recommends using both a Heartworm Preventative and Flea Control year round as you never know with Indiana Weather when pesky fleas, ticks and Mosquitoes will be around.

Heartgard– is a chewable treat given monthly for the prevention of Heartworms and intestinal parasites (roundworms and hookworms).

 

Sentinel– is a “chewable” tablet given monthly for the prevention of Heartworms and intestinal parasites (roundworms, hookworms and whipworms).  Also has some flea infestation protection as it doesn’t kill the adult fleas but it prevents them from laying eggs so it helps to limit the problem.

 

Trifexis– is a “chewable” tablet given monthly for the prevention of Heartworms and intestinal parasites (roundworms, hookworms and whipworms).  Trifexis also flea protection by killing the adult flea within 30 minutes of the animal biting the dog before it can lay eggs.

 

Nexgard– is a chewable treat that is given monthly for the prevention of Fleas and Ticks.  You will most likely give this in conjunction with Heartgard.

 

Tritak– is a monthly topical application used for the prevention of Fleas and Tick.  You most likely will use this in conjunction with Heartgard.  Since this is a topical application your pet shouldn’t be bathed 48 hours before or after the application.

 

Advantage Multi– is a monthly topical application for the prevention of Heartworms, intestinal parasites (roundworms, hookworms and whipworms) and fleas.  Since it is a topical application your pet shouldn’t be bathed 48 hours before or after the application.

 

Capstar- is a tablet that can be given every 48 hours to quickly kill all the adult fleas on the animal, we usually use this in patients who are highly infested with fleas for about 3 doses to cut down on the number of adults and then follow up with a monthly preventative.

Signs of Periodontal Disease  

All pets are at risk for dental problems.  Once a pet displays any warning signs below, serious periodontal disease may be present:

 

 

Tooth loss

Abnormal drooling

Dropping food out of mouth

Swallowing food whole

Bad Breath

Bleeding gums

Going to the food bowl but not eating

Change of chewing or eating habits

PET DENTAL FACTS!

Periodontal disease is the most prevalent disease among dogs and cats!

 

An estimated 80% of dogs and cats show signs of oral disease by age 3!

 

Periodontal Disease is more common in dogs of smaller breeds because dog’s teeth are often too large for their mouths, crowding the teeth!

 

Broken teeth are a common problem for dogs, especially among outdoor dogs.

 

Dogs start out with 28 baby teeth; cats start out with 26 baby teeth.  By 6 months of age baby teeth fall out and are replaced with permanent teeth, 42 in dogs and 30 in cats.

Vaccine Protocol

Rabies: In both dogs and cats is given at 16 weeks of age, at 1 year of age, and  then every three years there after. This vaccine is required by state law in both dogs in cats.

 

Dogs:

Distemper/Parvo Combination: Recommended for every dog starting at 8 weeks of age. The puppy will need an initial series of 3 vaccines given at 4 week intervals. They will receive 1 at 1 year of age and then every 3 years there after.

Bordetella: Recommended for every dog that will be going to a groomer, kennel, dog park or doggie daycare.   It can be given through an injection or intranasal (sprayed in the nose) at 8 weeks of age and should be given every 6 months there after.

Leptospirosis: Recommended for all dogs especially those that live in areas with wild animals (skunks, rabbits, possums…etc). The puppy will need an initial series of 2 vaccines starting at 8 weeks of age and then 4 weeks later. This is an annual vaccine so they would need it every year.

Lyme: Recommended for any dog that hunts, travels into wooded areas or is exposed to ticks. It can be given as young as 9 weeks of age and will need to be boostered 4 weeks later and then yearly.

Influenza: Recommended for any dog that goes to the groomer, kennel, Dog Park, or doggie daycare. It can be given as early as 6 weeks of age boostered 2-4 weeks later and then annually.

 

Cats:

 4 in 1 and Upper Respiratory: Recommended for all cat indoor and outdoors. It can be given at 6 weeks of age, boostered 4 weeks later and then annually.

Leukemia:   Should be given to all kittens at 6 weeks of age again 4 weeks later. Then boostered annually in cats that go outside.

Wellness Exam for Patients of all Ages

dog-in-hairnetWe have always emphasized the importance of Wellness Exams and annual blood work up for our middle-aged and senior pets.  The reason Dr. Wheeler recommends this is because our pets age at a much higher rate than we do, they can develop health problems at an early age and they can progress more rapidly than we expect.  This will very between each dog and cats based on the breed and individual builds.

Some breeds are predisposed to health issues like glaucoma, thyroid abnormalities, and cancers.  These can be dealt with more successfully if detected before obvious symptoms take place.   In many cases routine lab tests on blood and urine, eye pressures, EKG’s and blood pressure can give us the “heads up” we need to treat or slow the progress of the disease.cat-and-stethescope

As part of our Wellness Program we do pre-anesthetic blood work ups on all patients before surgery, even in our younger patients coming in for a routine procedure.  Even at a young age these tests help us to screen for any problems your pet could have been born with.  These tests also help us determine if there are any risks with the anesthetics we will be using and they also give us a good baseline to compare to as the pet ages.

Please call us if you have any questions or concerns!